What we can do is tell you about a few of the most common terpenes and have a look at their flavour profiles.
Scents: Musk, Earth, Ripe Fruit | Also Found in: Mango, Lemongrass, Hops, Thyme
Scents: Pine, Rosemary | Also Found in: Pines, Conifers, Rosemary, Sage
Scents: Lemon or Lime | Also Found in: Citrus Fruits, Juniper
Scents: Sweet Flowers, Citrus | Also Found in: Lavender and many flowers, mint and cinnamon
Scents: Peppery Spice, Wood | Also Found in: Black Pepper, Cloves, Balsam
As you can see, Terpenes may be a complicated subject, but as the Science gets better, it will improve for all of us.